FUEL PRICE TOUCHING EVEREST think of HYBRID CARS….future of motion

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FUEL PRICE TOUCHING EVEREST think of HYBRID CARS….future of motion

2008 will be a great year for all automobile enthusiasts and auto companies. Not only would we see a revolution in the form of hybrid cars, we will also get to see newer sleeker designs that are going to re-define the way people have driven cars. The Indian automobile market is definitely looking forward to the various hybrid vehicles that are scheduled to be launched in 2008. Read on to know more about what is in store for you in India and in the global market.
A list of Hybrid Vehicles in chronological order of production
 2008
Audi Q7 2009 model
Cadillac Escalade (AHS II) 2009 model
Chevrolet Equinox (SUV)
Chevrolet Malibu (midsize car) 2009 model, Mild hybrid
Chevrolet Silverado Hybrid (AHS II) (fullsize pickup) 2009 model
Ford Fusion Hybrid (midsize car) 2009 model
GMC Sierra Hybrid (AHS II) (fullsize pickup) 2009 model
Lexus RX400h 2009 model refresh
Mercury Milan Hybrid (midsize car)
Saturn VUE Green Line (AHS II) (SUV, FWD) 2009 model, 45% improvement over non-hybrid version according to GM[5]
Saturn AURA Green Line Mild hybrid (midsize car) 2008 model
Toyota Sienna (minivan) 2009 model
Toyota Prius (5 seat midsize) 2009 model year, third generation Hybrid Synergy Drive (weight and cost reduced by 50%)
VentureOne Three wheeled vehicle
Volvo C30 2009 model, diesel electric hybrid

2009
Honda Unnamed next-generation compact hybrid, all-new, priced lower than Honda Civic Hybrid

Mercedes-Benz S-Class Mild hybrid
Porsche Cayenne
Saturn VUE Green Line (AHS II) (SUV, FWD, 2010 model, PLUG-IN capable, Lithium-Ion batteries)
Volkswagen Touareg Hybrid
Toyota FT-HS Sports Hybrid

Mahindra & Mahindra
The first one in line is Mahindra & Mahindra, the utility vehicle manufacturer. They are currently test-driving mild-hybrid variant and full-hybrid variant of their best seller Scorpio. It will be launched early next year and the price will be more than the petrol and diesel variants. The full hybrid version will run on electricity and would have a back-up petrol engine. The mild hybrid version will have an option of being shut off when the car is stopped. It will be programmed to restart quickly and cleanly. When the engine is off, the other accessories will operate on electrical power.
Honda and Ford
Next in line is Honda, which has decided to launch Honda Siel, its hybrid car. They will be essentially launching Honda Civic in a hybrid avatar next year. It has been decided that this version can be run on a combination of electricity and petrol. Ford is also having plans to launch its hybrid vehicle next year, though there is not much information on it. Ford is currently monitoring the Indian automobile market before launching its hybrid vehicle.
Toyota
Prius, the most popular hybrid car of Toyota is also in the pipeline of being in India. Prius is the iconic image of Toyota and has catapulted the image of the company to the top slot. Prius commands almost 80% of the markets of US when it comes to hybrid vehicles. For the Prius to come in India, the government needs to provide subsidies to the hybrid vehicle owners.
Superior Technology
The best thing about hybrid vehicles is that they run mainly on electricity and have a back-up or an alternate fuel engine. This could be diesel, petrol or even bio-fuel. The person who drives will have an option of either using electricity or the fuel engine or switch from one to another easily. This means that these hybrid vehicles help save fuel emissions as the power is generated by an electric motor. The alternate use helps in saving fuel also, allowing it to be used in emergency cases.
Future in India
For the launch of other good hybrid vehicles and luxury cars to come in India, the government needs to reduce the excise and custom taxes and duties. The infrastructure also needs to be improved with more CNG/LPG filling stations, electric charging stations, etc. With better infrastructure and facilities to run hybrid vehicles, there is not reason why India should not have supremacy of environment-friendly hybrid vehicles.
A list of Hybrid Vehicles in chronological order of production:
1990s
1994 Audi 100 Duo
1996 AC Propulsion tzero (primarily electric vehicle; 80 mile PbA, 300 mile Li-ion(2003) EV-mode)
1997 Toyota Prius (first commercially mass-produced and marketed hybrid automobile) (Japanese market only)
1997 Audi A4 Duo (Audi became the first manufacturer in Europe to mass produce a hybrid vehicle. Their hybrid vehicle is powered by a 66 kW 1.9-litre TDI-Engine and a 21 kW electric motor)
1999 Honda Insight 2000 model
2000s
2000 Toyota Estima hybrid (Japanese market only)
2000 Toyota Prius US market
2002? Mazda Demio e-4WD (Japanese market only, used for traction assistance)
2002 Dyna Diesel Hybrid (Japan only, Diesel Hybrid)
2002 Honda Civic Hybrid 2003 model
2003
Renault Kangoo (plug-in hybrid electric vehicle)
Suzuki Twin
Toyota Alphard Hybrid
Toyota Prius (5 seat midsize) 2004 model year, second generation Hybrid Synergy Drive
2004
Honda Accord Hybrid 2005 model
Ford Escape Hybrid 2005 model (released in late summer 2004)
2005
Chevrolet Silverado/GMC Sierra Hybrid 2006 model, Mild hybrid
Honda Civic Hybrid 2006 model, second generation
Lexus RX 400h 2006 model year, second generation Hybrid Synergy Drive
Mercury Mariner hybrid
Toyota Kluger/Highlander Hybrid 2006 model
2006
Lexus GS 450h 2007 model, second generation Hybrid Synergy Drive
Saturn VUE Green Line 2007 model, Mild hybrid
Toyota Camry Hybrid 2007 model, second generation Hybrid Synergy Drive
Toyota Estima/Previa hybrid minivan, second generation Hybrid Synergy Drive (Japanese market only)
2007
Nissan Altima Hybrid (limited sales)
Saturn Aura Green Line Hybrid (BAS) 2008 model, Mild hybrid
Lexus LS600hL 2008 model Luxury car, went on sale in June
PlannedThis section is sorted by expected sale date.
2007
Honda CR-Z Hybrid sports car.
BMW 1 Series small family car, first in the world with standard mild hybrid technology, Auto Start Stop function, Brake Energy Regeneration, electric power steering, electric water pump
Mazda Tribute hybrid, 2008 model, expected to go on sale July 2007
Chevrolet Tahoe (AHS II) (SUV, RWD/AWD) 2008 model, expected to go on sale Fall 2007
GMC Yukon Hybrid (AHS II) (SUV, RWD/AWD) 2008 model, expected to go on sale Fall 2007
Dodge Durango (AHS II) (SUV) 2008 model, expected to go on sale Fall 2007
Toyota Kluger/Highlander Hybrid 2008 model, second generation Hybrid Synergy Drive, will go on sale October 2007
2008
Audi Q7 2009 model
Cadillac Escalade (AHS II) 2009 model
Chevrolet Equinox (SUV)
Chevrolet Malibu (midsize car) 2009 model, Mild hybrid
Chevrolet Silverado Hybrid (AHS II) (fullsize pickup) 2009 model
Ford Fusion Hybrid (midsize car) 2009 model
GMC Sierra Hybrid (AHS II) (fullsize pickup) 2009 model
Lexus RX400h 2009 model refresh
Mercury Milan Hybrid (midsize car)
Saturn VUE Green Line (AHS II) (SUV, FWD) 2009 model, 45% improvement over non-hybrid version according to GM[5]
Saturn AURA Green Line Mild hybrid (midsize car) 2008 model
Toyota Sienna (minivan) 2009 model
Toyota Prius (5 seat midsize) 2009 model year, third generation Hybrid Synergy Drive (weight and cost reduced by 50%)
VentureOne Three wheeled vehicle
Volvo C30 2009 model, diesel electric hybrid

2009
Honda Unnamed next-generation compact hybrid, all-new, priced lower than Honda Civic Hybrid
Mercedes-Benz S-Class Mild hybrid
Porsche Cayenne
Saturn VUE Green Line (AHS II) (SUV, FWD, 2010 model, PLUG-IN capable, Lithium-Ion batteries)
Volkswagen Touareg Hybrid
Toyota FT-HS Sports Hybrid
2010
Chevrolet Volt production version
Nissan’s original hybrid vehicle is targeted for launch in 2010
PSA Peugeot Citroën will market hybrid HDi vehicles from 2010.
2011
Toyota Camry Hybrid 2012 model, third generation Hybrid Synergy Drive
Land Rover Range Rover Hybrid concept, diesel-electric engine (under development) in conjunction with new aluminum body
Buses
2002
Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Nonstep HEV bus
Nova Bus RTS HEV bus (4 units built)
MCI D4000 HEV (4 units built)
2004
General Motors city bus[16]
2005
Orion Bus Industries Orion VII hybrid bus[17]
2006
IC Corporation Hybrid School Bus
Trucks
1993 Hino Model Unknown, medium duty, for sale in Japan only. First generation
2003 Hino Ranger Hybrid, light duty, for sale in Japan only. Fourth generation
2004 Hino Dutro/Toyota Dyna Hybrid, light duty, for sale in Japan only. Fourth generation
2006 Canter Eco Hybrid made by Mitsubishi Fuso Truck & Bus Corporation, for sale in Japan only.
2007 Hino Hybrid 6500 Medium, light duty, available in Australia.
2006 International FTTS
Unknown dateIn production
Gillig Hybrid (diesel-electric hybrid buses)
New Flyer DE30LF/DE35LF/DE40LF (diesel-electric hybrid buses)
New Flyer GE40LF (gasoline-electric hybrid bus)
North American Bus Industries 60-BRT Hybrid
Orion VI Hybrid
Orion VII Hybrid
Toyota Sienna
Whispering Wheel Buss
Aptera hybrid car Prototype created
Peugeot 307 CC Hybride HDi.
Toyota Crown (Japan only, Mild hybrid)
Planned
BMW Hydrogen 7
Daihatsu Hijet Cargo Hybrid a commercial microvan (659 cc) (in Japan, not yet in production)
Honda Fit hybrid, 2008 model using the Insight’s drivetrain, replaced with other model
Hyundai Accent Unknown date of production
Kia Rio Originally for 2007, now delayed along with Hyundai Accent hybrid (concept model was shown at the 2007 Geneva Auto Show)
Lexus LF-S 2009
Opel Astra Diesel Hybrid.
Porsche Panamera
Proton Gen-2 EVE Hybrid (concept model was shown at the 2007 Geneva Auto Show)
Saab planning hybrid based on GM system[18]
Toyota Corolla ..
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